of the most recurring notions among the religious traditions of the world is,
that of an original paradise where man lived in perfect harmony and bliss with
God and all other living beings in the beginning, a notion that is usually
complemented with the religious belief that man will live again in the same or a
similar Paradise once the current evil state of things has ended.
to this, I have found both notions to be connected with the presence of a
religion of a ‘cosmic’ character in all ancient traditions.
if we want to abide by
the adage that ‘to know about the future we need first to know the past’, then
we may paradoxically need to find first what a cosmic religion should be
like in the face of an
upcoming New, Golden Age as expected by many people in the world - among whom I
count myself. And it is simply by analogy
that in order to do so we will be relying on the traces left by
the auroral civilizations, as those societies were, in
fact, living their respective "golden ages" in the image of the last great
Golden Age which started, according to my own calculations, some 52,000 years
ago in what is now the Arctic region, and which lasted approximately 21,000
Note that we are talking about the first Age
of the current human cycle, which as a whole has continued through the
vicissitudes of its successive Silver, Bronze and Iron ages to our days, and
which there is every reason to believe is about to conclude now. But before you
frown in disbelief at this, you may go to my thread here for
the rationales on it, including the notion of a Hyperborean civilization located
in the North Polar region, the seat of the primordial tradition, where this
entire cycle is supposed to have started. Or if you prefer a monumental and, in
my opinion, definitive work on this matter, you may consult Paradise
William F. Warren (1885) here.
A symbolic representation of the Hyperborean civilization in the
the world axis going through the center of the Earth
according to the ancient Hindus. Believed to be the original
and prototype of all posterior paradises as evoked by the
different world traditions, it was the place where the
primordial Golden Age would
Found by William
You will find more on William F.
Warren's extraordinary book in the second part of this article.
At the risk of deviating from our target, however, let me tell
you now that not only was his work fascinating, but it was also
so conclusively convincing about the real Paradise location,
unlike all other studies and theories to ever have been offered
with regard to it, that it should have certainly deserved to be
greatly welcomed by all kinds of readers. Unfortunately, it went
mostly unnoticed to the general public - and if anything,
received with utmost coldness by his colleagues and other
Or was it? I believe jealousy and
envy stemming from professional rivalry played the main role in
the apparent disinterest the book generally suffered, when not
simple ignorance of what a real work of investigation should
provide: a serious, comprehensive and plausible theory that can
answer every conceivable question about the matter studied - as
Mr Warren's book did.
However, we cannot stay on this
for longer now; we need to go on with our quest.
me elaborate a bit more on the notion of cyclic, descending ages
as it is essential to understand the real nature of history -
and the extent of the ignorance of "official science" about it.
According to the
Greek eighteen-century BC poet Hesiod, who actually was writing
about more local and contingent ages than the above-mentioned
four, and about cycles already concluded in his time (which, by
the way, exemplifies
the way shorter cycles will always accurately reflect the longer
[Men] lived like gods without sorrow of heart, remote and free
from toil and grief: miserable age rested not on them; but with
legs and arms never failing they made merry with feasting beyond
the reach of all evils. When they died, it was as though they
were overcome with sleep, and they had all good things; for the
fruitful earth unforced bare them fruit abundantly and without
stint. They dwelt in ease and peace upon their lands with many
good things, rich in flocks and loved by the blessed gods."
Works and Days (109-126)
Now Hesiod is
called a deteriorationist,
as against the scholars' view of continuous progress of humanity
along history. And according to these scholars, his belief, and
all other deteriorationist beliefs, in successive, descending
ages, would have originated
in the primitive peoples’ longing for a natural life, a
longing which coupled with considerations about the recurrence
and regularity of the disasters that afflict the world, plus
speculations inspired in such quaternary cycles as the four
yearly seasons, four phases of the Moon, four stages in the life
of man, and so on, would have crystallized in the “myth” of the
Four Ages of Mankind brought to light by him. (Actually Hesiod
added a fifth age, that of "the Heroes," to them, and inserted
it between the second, Silver, and third, or Bronze, ages,
probably inspired in the great heroes of the Iliad.)
As to the
place of origin itself, and of all the other deteriorationist doctrines,
some are inclined to believe it was India,
considering the manifest identity between the four ages of the
Greek tradition and the descending cycle of four yugasof
the Hindustan tradition
(see here my
thread on the Hindu doctrine of cosmic cycles).
The Arcadian or Pastoral State (1834)
by Thomas Cole
Seen as a lost, Edenic for of life, Arcadia was a
mountainous Greek region dating to antiquity
whose inhabitants were often regarded as
having continued to live after the
manner of the Golden Age
connection, however, we would still need to determine if this is
also the origin of the many other myths in which the notion of
four ages is equally prominent, such as the Maya and Inca and
many other traditions; and even of all other “myths of return”
where - irrespective of the number of ages - there stands out
the universal, most ancient belief in the “fall” of man, a
tradition that evokes the decline and alienation of mankind from
a golden, paradisiacal condition to one of total degradation –
usually ending in a catastrophic deluge – a most familiar and
characteristic version of which can be read in the first pages
of the Bible, from the “fall” of Adam and Eve and their
expulsion from Paradise to the events that led to the Flood.
Curiously enough, all the multiple coincidences in the ancients'
view of history seem to have gone unnoticed to the majority of
the Western scholars - not to mention the layman, the common man
of our time. So it comes as no surprise that the notion of four
descending ages, or for that matter of any number of them, may
sound unintelligible and absurd to the latter; and not out of
sheer ignorance, for he is sure to have read those biblical
passages, but because he has from his childhood been instilled
the idea, exactly opposite, of a sustained progress of mankind
throughout history - and also because it has always been opposed
and fought by the Western Church.
For example Origen (185 - 254
AC), the patriarch of Alexandria, a man of deeply-rooted
Gnosticism, wrote in Against
"We do not refer the flood or the burning of the
world to the planetary cycles or periods, but we declare that
their cause is the widespread prevalence of evil and its
eradication by a deluge or conflagration."
Actually, Origen assumed that the worlds follow one another in
time just like an equal number of schools in which decadent
beings are reeducated, a process which would have started with
the "fall" of man, which was then followed by the material world.
And Saint Augustine, in turn, in
the 12th book of his City
questioned the doctrine of cycles based on the futility of an
eternal wheel of creations and the absurdity of an endless death
of the Logos.
At this point, you may ask, why am I stressing
this notion of descending ages in connection with a likely
cosmic religion? Quite simply, because this notion, like the
related notion of higher and lower planets of the ancients'
tradition, was consubstantial to their religion - and I am
trying to substantiate my view that to the extent that a cosmic
religion follows the characteristics of the primordial tradition,
it will eventually be on a par with the task of easing our
entrance into the upcoming New Age.
(More on the conception of Four
Ages of Mankind here.)
This topic will be continued in next posts.
Luis Miguel Goitizolo
A Message from The Author
Ever since I was
a youth I was fascinated by Oriental wisdom and particularly by the Hindu
doctrines. However, it was not until a few years ago that I undertook the task
of studying the ancient doctrine of cosmic cycles from different perspectives,
though mainly using the most relevant sacred texts from all around the world. In
time, I felt the urge to write a book about my studies in that matter in my
mother tongue, Spanish, which I titled "La rueda del tiempo" (in English, "The
Wheel of Time"). It is excerpts of that book and other original articles dealing
with similar topics that I will start publishing as of
today through this medium.
More recently, after some years as a networker promoting a variety of programs, I
decided to translate my book into English, a task that was successfully
completed a few months ago. And over the past few weeks and months I have been
publishing excerpts of this translation, as well as other original articles in
English that also deal with similar topics, on various online media of the
United States and other countries.
Luis Miguel Goitizolo
Lima - Perú